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D are predominantly associated with normal physiological changes that occur during this time. Much of the literature reports on one or two specific symptoms but does not examine the range of potential symptoms possible during this time [1,2]. The need for such an instrument became apparent when designing our pregnancy intervention study [3]. Lifestyle and other interventions during pregnancy have
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Ccuracy. In order to protect the confidentiality of the information, names were not included in the written questionnaires. The content validity of questionnaire was determined by a panel of five experts of different specializations. Experts' comments were taken into consideration in modification and revision. These experts generally agreed that the questionnaire was appropriately designed and dev
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Men's experience of the menopause. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1996, 103:1025?028. Mitchell ES, Woods NF: Symptom experiences of midlife women: observations from the Seattle midlife women's health study. Maturitas 1996, 25:1?0. Jokinen K, Rautava P, M inen J, Ojanlatva A, Sundell J, Helenius H: Experience of climacteric symptoms among 42?6 and 52?6-year-old women. Maturitas 2003, 46:199?05. Col NF, Guthr
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Ses, it was made sure that each woman was interviewed only once. A pilot study was conducted on 35 women aiming at determining the clarity and the content adequacy of the questionnaire. It also helped in estimating the time required for the data collection and identifying the limitations that might be encountered during data collection. However, this group of women was excluded from the study samp
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To carry out the study. A verbal informed consent was obtained from each participant. The guidelines of the WHO including the importance of ensuring confidentiality and privacy were followed [13].Statistical analysisThis cross-sectional study was conducted in Erbil city between the 1st of October 2009 and the 30th of March 2011. A convenience sample of 800 Kurdish women aged 16?5 years attending t
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Ssed with six items: insult, humiliation, threateningAl-Atrushi et al. BMC Women's Health 2013, 13:37 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6874/13/Page 3 ofto divorce the respondent, threatening to marry another woman, threatening to hurt the respondent and doing things to scare the respondent on purpose. The items in the WHO multi-country study questionnaire for assessing controlling behavior were n
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En 19?4.Our sample size was too small to analyze this in relation to background characteristics to explain the variation. The results of the longitudinal analysis (comparing the same women over time) and those of the cross-sectional analysis showed relatively similar results. Thus, we can interpret the cross-sectional data as generally summing up the experience of all women throughout the followup
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Slapping was still regarded as the commonest type and choking or burning was considered the least common. The lifetime prevalence of moderate physical violence was greater than that of severe physical violence (21 vs. 17.9 ). In contrast, the past year prevalence of severe physical violence was higher than moderate physical violence (8.9 , vs. 6.2 ). Details of lifetime and past year physical IPV