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Ing glioblastoma cells to apoptosis. J Clin Oncol 2005, 23: 2411?422. Paulus W, Baur I, Beutler AS, Reeves SA: Diffuse brain invasion of glioma cells requires beta 1 integrins. Lab Invest 1996, 75:819?26. Uhm JH, Gladson CL, Rao JS: The role of integrins in the malignant phenotype of gliomas. Front Biosci 1999, 4:D188 199. Lipinski CA, Tran NL, Bay C, Kloss J, McDonough WS, Beaudry C, Berens ME, L
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Galectin-1 transfectants. A population of GFP-sorted cells (the "Gal-1" bars in Figure 4A) was compared to its parental counterpart. The number of metabolically-active cells attached to fibronectin was no different between the two lines at eight hours. Changing the media at four hours reduced the number of cells left for labeling, but the effect was equal in both groups, suggesting a similar rate
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Ant, and the Mayo Clinic Clinician Investigator Training Program (LGT). Author details 1 The Texas Brain and Spine Institute, 8441 St. Hwy 47, Suite 4300, Bryan, TX 77807, USA. 2Department of Neuroscience and Experimental Therapeutics, Texas A M HSC College of Medicine, 2006 MREB, 8447 St. Hwy 47, Bryan, TX 77807, USA. 3Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA. 4 Division of Biomed
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Cal significance.Paraffin sections of our patient-derived glioblastoma xenografts (15 of 22 lines) were stained for galectin-1 expression. Around half of the xenografts tested showed preferential staining at the tumor-brain interface (Figure 3). A few tumors stained in their entirety, and another subset lacked significant staining. The 2 to 4 fold change in galectin-1 mRNA expression at the tumor
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Is transcriptionaly regulated by ERK in response to Triphala treatment suggesting ERK as an upstream regulator of p53 in Capan-2 cells. We also observed that Triphala induce apoptosis by ERK activation in BxPC-3 cells, which has mutated p53. This is in part consistent with the observation that activated ERK lead to apoptosis after DNA damage in a p53 independent manner [49]. On the other hand, Tri
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S independently with similar results. Statistical significance was determined by one-way ANOVA followed by Bonferroni's post hoc analysis for multiple comparisons. *Significantly different compared with PBStreated control (P
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S 1. Lefranc F, Facchini V, Kiss R: Proautophagic drugs: a novel means to combat apoptosis-resistant cancers, with a special emphasis on glioblastomas. Oncologist 2007, 12:1395?403. 2. Stupp R, Hegi ME, Mason WP, van den Bent MJ, Taphoorn MJ, Janzer RC, Ludwin SK, Allgeier A, Fisher B, Belanger K, Hau P, Brandes AA, Gijtenbeek J, Marosi C, Vecht CJ, Mokhtari K, Wesseling P, Villa S, Eisenhauer E,
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Or his help with radial migration assays. Reagents used in preliminary pilot assays were kindly provided by Yoel Kloog Authors' contributions LGT and JHU conceived of the study and designed the assays. LGT performed tumor xenografting, cell culture, and laser capture microdissection. LGT, FL, and RK wrote and edited the manuscript. AN designed and performed all DNA vector construction and sequenci